Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 21st, 1833. Caroline was his mother, and Emmanuel was his father. One of the most prestigious awards in a variety of fields, the Nobel Prize is regarded as the largest in the world. It is given to those who put in the most effort to advance peace and progress. You might be surprised to learn that this peace prize is named after Alfred Nobel, the man who invented dynamite and is well-known to people due to his invention. In those days, he was frequently derided.
Alfred Nobel’s youth -:
Alfred’s father had a private tutor at home for his education, and by the time he was 17 years old, Alfred had a very good command of the English, German, and French languages. Alfred also excelled in chemistry, and in 1850, he was sent to the United States to continue his education. After completing his education, he traveled to Paris from there.
The business of Alfred Nobel’s father -:
The construction of bridges using mountain stones was his father’s business. In 1842, Manuel and his entire family relocated to the Russian city of Saint-Petersburg due to a lack of work in Sweden. His father used to make gun powder for the Russian government to use by his army. Explosive is a dark hued powder which is a combination of black powder, coal, saltpeter and numerous different synthetic compounds. The Crimean War was about to begin, which increased demand for gun powder, and the first man-made explosive was produced only a few years after the factory’s opening. Emmanuel made a lot of money from his gun powder business, which grew quickly.
The Research of Alfred Nobel -:
He met numerous researchers researching nitroglycerin in Paris. Nitroglycerin was once an explosive much more potent than gun powder or any other chemical. The fact that it was unsafe and difficult to move from one location to another was a major drawback. He used to be blasted wherever he went. Because of this, it wasn’t used much before that time.
Following the Crimean War -:
In the interim, the Crimean War was likewise finished and Alfred’s dad needed to get back from Russia subsequent to shutting the production line. He brought some samples with him to his home in Sweden. He began conducting research to ensure its safety with his father and brother. However, his brother was killed when nitroglycerin exploded while probing on September 3, 1864. He quit his job after his son passed away, and the Swedish government also forbade the establishment of a research lab in the city.
Alfred Nobel’s trying times -:
Despite the fact that Alfred and his family were going through a very trying time, he was not one to sit still. He established a brand-new laboratory outside of the city and began diligently looking for a means of making nitroglycerin safer. He achieved success quickly after a few years of hard work. Alfred explained that nitroglycerin can take any shape if silica is added, transforming it into a paste. Nitroglycerin was now completely safe and could be carried anywhere with ease. Dynamite was the name he used to patent this invention.
Demand for the invention of Alfred Nobel -:
Because the dynamite he produced was in high demand all over the world, he established his business in more than twenty nations to boost production of his invention. Now, mountains could be easily broken with his invention. Streets could be made by cutting mountains and whose constructive outcomes were seen from one side of the planet to the other. It was also being used more and more in war.
Resulting From Alfred Nobel’s invention -:
This invention was solely to blame for the deaths of many people, including Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. He was even referred to as the merchant of death and the merchant of death by some people. This deeply saddened him, and he did not want to die in such shame.
The way Alfred Nobel thought changed the world -:
Alfred reasoned, “Why not use this money wisely and award prizes to those who do good deeds for society?” That is the reason he began helping individuals. Prior to kicking the bucket, Alfred Nobel gave his abundance to grant the award to the people who might accomplish the best work towards the advancement and tranquility of the world. On December 10, 1896, Alfred Nobel passed away. On December 10 of each year, the Nobel Prize, the most prestigious award in the world, is given out of the property he donated. He is remembered by people today not as a death merchant but rather as a great scientist and social worker.
Let’s know about the Nobel Prize amount
Nobel Prize winners are given a medal and diploma, and 10 million Swedish krona as a prize. This prize is equivalent to about 9 lakh dollars. If there are two winners then both will get equal amount if there are three then all three will get equal amount.
Questions and answers you should know
In which fields this award is given in the name of Alfred Nobel ?
The award is given in the fields of peace, literature, physics, chemistry, medicine and economics. The Nobel Prize is awarded every year on 10 December. This award is given to the person and organization who have made remarkable contribution in various fields.
Who has two Nobels so far in the history of Nobel Prize?
So far only two people have received two Nobel Prizes
- Marie Curie (Physics and Chemistry)
- Linus Pauling (Chemistry and Peace)